Central European Institute for Cosmology and Fundamental Physics

Planned seminars

20 Feb 2018 14:00     Eric Bergshoeff,  Gravity and the spin-2 planar Schroedinger equation


15 March 2018 14:00     Ilidio Lopes,  Impact of dark matter in stellar oscillations


20 Mar 2018 14:00     Patrick Stengel,  The Higgs boson can delay Reheating after Inflation



20/02/2018 -- Eric A. Bergshoeff (University of Groningen)

Time:  14:00

Place: 226

A Schroedinger equation proposed for the GMP gapped spin-2 mode of fractional Quantum Hall states is found from a novel non-relativistic limit, applicable only in 2+1 dimensions, of the massive spin-2 Fierz-Pauli field equations. It is also found from a novel null reduction of the linearized Einstein field equations in 3+1 dimensions, and in this context a uniform distribution of spin-2 particles implies, via a Brinkmann-wave solution of the non-linear Einstein equations, a confining harmonic oscillator potential for the individual particles.



20/02/2018 -- Ilidio Lopes (University of Lisbon)

Time:  14:00

Place: 226

For the past decade asteroseismology has opened a new window into studying the physics inside stars. Today, it is well known that more than ten thousand stars have been found to exhibit solar-like oscillations. This large amount of high-quality data for stars of different masses and sizes is having a profound impact in our understanding of the structure of stars in the main and the post-main sequence, on the formation and evolution of stellar clusters in our Galaxy. Moreover, it can be used to test new fundamental laws of nature including the existence of dark matter. While many particle candidates have been proposed as the main constituents of dark matter, the impact of such candidates in the evolution of stars has been sparsely addressed. In this talk, I will focus on the impact that dark matter has in the evolution of stars, and how stellar oscillations have been used to constrain the properties of dark matter. I will discuss the potential of the next generation of asteroseismic missions helping us to address this problem.



20/03/2018 -- Pat Stengel (University of Stockholm)

Time:  14:00

Place: 117

The Standard Model Higgs boson, which has previously been shown to develop an effective vacuum expectation value during inflation, can give rise to large particle masses during inflation and reheating, leading to temporary blocking of the reheating process and a lower reheat temperature after inflation. We study the effects on the multiple stages of reheating: resonant particle production (preheating) as well as perturbative decays from coherent oscillations of the inflaton field. Specifically, we study both the cases of the inflaton coupling to Standard Model fermions through Yukawa interactions as well as to Abelian gauge fields through a Chern-Simons term. We find that, in the case of perturbative inflaton decay to SM fermions, reheating can be delayed due to Higgs blocking and the reheat temperature can decrease by up to an order of magnitude. In the case of gauge-reheating, Higgs-generated masses of the gauge fields can suppress preheating even for large inflaton-gauge couplings. In extreme cases, preheating can be shut down completely and must be substituted by perturbative decay as the dominant reheating channel. Finally, we discuss the distribution of reheat temperatures in different Hubble patches, arising from the stochastic nature of the Higgs VEV during inflation and its implications for the generation of both adiabatic and isocurvature fluctuations.